Stock Market up Strongly on Rate-cut Hopes, Optimism over Trade

Powell says Fed will ‘act as appropriate to sustain the expansion’

Stocks were rising Tuesday, with support tied to renewed hopes for U.S.-China trade talks and growing expectations the Federal Reserve will move to ease interest rates.

Key indexes were bouncing back from a loss a day earlier that saw the tech-heavy Nasdaq Composite fall into correction territory on fears of heightened regulatory scrutiny of key companies.

How are stock benchmarks faring?

The Dow Jones Industrial Average DJIA  rose 233.21 points, or 0.9%, to 25,052.99, while the S&P 500 SPX was up 23.18 points, or 0.8%, to 2,767.63. The Nasdaq Composite COMP gained 65.86 points, or 0.9%, to 7,398.88.

On Monday, the Nasdaq dropped 120.13 points, or 1.6%, to 7,333.02 to finish in correction territory, defined as an index closing at least 10% below its recent peak, which for the Nasdaq was a record finish of 8,164 hit on May 3.

The S&P 500 index shed 7.61 points, or 0.3%, to 2,744.45 while the Dow made a comeback to erase a more than 100-point deficit to edge up 4.74 points to 24,819.78.

What’s driving the market?

Stocks maintained gains after Federal Reserve Chairman Jerome Powell told a monetary policy conference on Tuesday that the central bank was monitoring the economic outlook and would “act as appropriate” to sustain the economic expansion.

Powell’s remarks came after St. Louis Fed President James Bullard on Monday said rate cuts “may be warranted soon” amid U.S.’s international trade disputes.

The Nasdaq’s Monday decline was widely blamed on heightened threats that U.S. regulators may reduce the size of tech and social-media companies like Facebook Inc. FB and Google-parent Alphabet Inc. GOOG, GOOGL  for potential violations of antitrust regulations.

Increased scrutiny directed at some of the key members of the so-called FAANG stocks, which also include Netflix Inc. NFLX and Amazon.com Inc. AMZN comes amid growing worries about slowing economic inside and outside the U.S.

Analysts also pointed to remarks by China’s Commerce Ministry, which said “differences and frictions” should be resolved through talks, according to news reports.

Data showed U.S. factory orders fell 0.8% in April. Economists surveyed by MarketWatch had forecast a 0.9% fall.

Which stocks are in focus?

Shares of Facebook extended their decline in Tuesday’s trade, losing 1%, while Google shares edged up 0.4%.

Shares of Uber Technologies Inc. UBER were in focus, as Tuesday marks the end of a “quiet period” during which investment banks that underwrote the ride-hailing company’s May 10 initial public offering were unable to comment on the company. Shares were off 0.9%.

Analysts from SunTrust, BTIG and William Blair initiated coverage of the stock with buy or outperform recommendations.

Tiffany & Co. TIF stock shook off premarket weakness to rise 2.5%, after the luxury jewelry retailer reported a 5% decline in first-quarter same-sales growth.

Shares of Ventas Inc. VTR fell 2.7%, after senior housing and health-care properties company said Monday that it was issuing 11 million new shares to the public at $62.75 per share. The stock closed at $64.15 Monday.

Shares of CVS Health Corp. CVS was in focus after the company said it expects its merger with health insurer Aetna will result in more than $300 million in synergies in 2019 and $800 million in 2020. The company said it would outline a series of measures at an investor day later Tuesday aimed at accelerating growth. The stock rose 3.7%.

What are strategists saying?

“Equities have been supported by some optimism on the trade front and growing expectations the Fed will come to the rescue and deliver a couple rate cuts this year,” said Edward Moya, senior market analyst at Oanda, in a note. “No material progress was made with trade talks, but not seeing additional fallout was good enough of a reason to provide a bid for risk appetite.”

How are other markets trading?

Stocks in Asia closed mostly lower Monday, with Japan’s Nikkei 225 NIK ending the day flat, while China’s Shanghai Composite Index SHCOMP fell 1% and Hong Kong’s Hang Seng Index HSI lost 0.5%. Stocks in Europe were on the rise, with the Stoxx Europe 600 SXXP up 0.6%.

In commodities markets, the price of oil CLN19 was in retreat, while gold prices GCN19 inched up. The U.S. dollar DXY meanwhile, fell slightly against a basket of its peers.

The article was originally published by Chris Matthews and Mark DeCambre at marketwatch.com


Trade Tensions Could Last Well into the 2020 U.S. Election Campaign, Says Nomura

Shutting out trade-war noise, even for long-term investors, looks increasingly like a tall order.

That’s especially true as investors bailed out of global equities Thursday, and sought safe haven assets on the growing realization that the trade spat between the U.S. and China could stick around for a while. That shift in mind-set is at the heart of our call of the day, provided by banking giant Nomura.

“Altogether, the U.S.-China relationship has moved further off track over the past two weeks after a period of what appeared, on the surface, to be steady progress toward reaching an admittedly narrow agreement,” said a team of analysts at Nomura, led by Lewis Alexander, in a note to clients.

“We do not think the two sides will be able to get back to where they seemed to be in late April,” said the analysts, who now see a 65% chance that President Donald Trump will move ahead with 25% tariffs on $300 billion of Chinese products by the end of this year.

“The macroeconomic and financial market impact of the U.S.-China trade conflict thus far has been modest, lowering the threshold for implementing additional tariffs,” it said, adding that the urgency for a near-term deal seems to be fading as both sides dig into their respective positions.

Nomura doesn’t expect tariff escalations between now and June, when Trump and China President Xi Jinping are due to meet at a G20 gathering (Note, they warn the two may not even meet up). But neither do they see tensions easing off, predicting a final round of U.S. tariffs in the third quarter of this year, followed by China retaliation. The bank isn’t alone as JPMorgan Chase has also told its clients to brace for additional tariffs at the end of June.

“Without a clear way forward during an intensifying 2020 U.S. presidential election, we see a rising risk that tariffs will remain in effect through end-2020,” said Nomura.

 

Neil Wilson, chief market analyst at Markets.com, told clients Thursday that “risks to the downside are building and equity markets probably need to reprice to reflect the heightened risks from the deterioration in trade.”

He said that adjustment for more trade-tension risk could mean lower returns and weaker corporate profits amid some “pretty pessimistic” growth forecast due to tariff worries. “I also think we should note that utilities, real estate and staples [companies that produce goods that are always in demand] have been the big strong performers this year, so that would be a trend to see continue,” Chase said.

Jeroen Blokland, Robeco portfolio manager, said his firm shifted to neutral on equities after Trump’s tweet earlier this month that tipped off fresh trade tensions.

He remains a fan of U.S. stocks because he says they remain a global leader when it comes to company earnings growth, however there’s a caveat: “If there is a meaningful de-escalation or trade deal relatively soon then the anticipated uptick in global growth and hence earnings can continue.

“In this scenario the growth gap between the U.S. and rest of the world is expected to decrease and the U.S. dollar could peak. This will help rest of the world equities relative to the U.S.,” Blokland told MarketWatch.

The market

The Dow DJIA, S&P 500 SPX, and Nasdaq COMP are all trading down as trading kicks off. More coverage in Market Snapshot

The dollar DXY is higher across the board. The euro EURUSD is also down, not helped by weak economic data and European parliamentary elections that are getting underway. Gold GCM19, +0.80% is wobbling and U.S. crude CLN19 is hitting a two-month low.

Europe stocks SXXP are lalso taking a hit, while Asian equities had a weaker session, with Taiwan’s Taiex Y9999 and China’s Shanghai Composite SHCOMP each losing 1.4%.

The chart

Trade spat or not, the S&P 500 is still up a respectable 13% on a year-to-date basis as part of that post-Christmas rebound. But those gains have not been spread so evenly, as our chart of the day from Credit Suisse (h/t The Daily Shot) shows:

Companies exposed to tariffs, such as industrial equipment maker Caterpillar CAT auto maker General Motors GM conglomerates  Honeywell HON and Dow DOW shipping group UPS UPS, and washing machine maker Whirlpool WHR.

The buzz

With all of Tesla’s TSLA troubles, this may be the year that Apple AAPL buys the electric-car maker, predicts analyst. Shares of Tesla plunged another 5% for Thursday, with Consumer Reports taking issue with its Autopilot feature.

The trade spat’s hit on the tech sector appears to be heating up after reports Japan’s Panasonic will cut off some business with Huawei to comply with a U.S. ban on the China tech giant. An under-pressure Huawei told CNBC that it could have its own operating system ready by autumn, if it can’t use Alphabet-owned GOOGL, Google’s.

Meanwhile, official rhetoric remains heated. According to the South China Morning Post, China officials are thinking of ways to reduce dependence on the U.S., such as cutting back on U.S. natural gas buys. And China says trade talks can’t continue until the U.S. “adjust its wrong actions,” Ministry of Commerce spokesperson Gao Feng reportedly said Thursday, according to translated remarks.

The economy

Jobless claims dropped to a near half-century low. Markit manufacturing and services purchasing managers indexes, then new home sales are still to come.

The stat

6,567% — that’s the eye-popping return that could await early investors in blockchain startup Block.one, which include billionaire Peter Thiel. The company is now buying back those shares, meaning a $100,000 stake would earn a lucky investor $6.6 million.

Article and media were originally published by Barbara Kollmeyer at marketwatch.com


Sell the Stock Market in May and Go Away? Not so Fast, Say Experts

It is poised to be the best April for stocks since 2009

 

U.S. equity indexes are on track to register their best start to a year in decades and the sharpest April gains in about 10 years. The solid returns thus far in the fourth month of 2019, however, may raise questions about how gains will shape up in the coming period, as Wall Street focuses on a popular seasonal investing adage.

“Sell in May and go away,” — a widely followed axiom, based on the average historical underperformance of stock markets in the six months starting from May to the end of October, compared against returns in the November-to-April stretch — on average has held true, but it’s had a spotty record over the past several years.

AverageMay-OctoberNovember-April
5 year4.315.53
10 year3.868.67
20 year0.554.89
50 year0.317.56
All-time2.085.13

For one, stocks over the six-month span ending in October have posted comparatively weaker returns in only three of the past five years, with 2017 showing a more than 8% gain, compared with only a 2.8% gain from November of 2017 to end of April of 2018, according to Dow Jones Market Data.

Presently, the period from the end of last October through Tuesday, the last day of April, produced a return of roughly 8.6%, according to FactSet data.

Sophie Huynh, strategist at Société Générale, told MarketWatch that unloading stocks over the coming six months could prove costly for investors.

“It’s not going to work this year,” Huynh said of the sell-in-May strategy.

The SocGen strategist bases her expectations partly on the belief that much of the bad news, including downgrades to earnings, that would ordinarily weigh on markets from May to the end of October have already been factored by investors.

“As I said, the reason why it won’t work is really because EPS [earnings-per-share] growth expectations have been massively revised down. So 2019 EPS growth went from 10% in September 2018, to 3.2% currently, in tandem with the U.S. economic surprise indicator,” she explained.

The Citi Economic Surprise Index for the U.S. hit negative 57.1 recently. A positive reading suggests data are better than expected, while zero indicates data meet expectations, and a negative reading reflects worse-than-expected readings. The index tends to swing back and forth as expectations rise and fall with data trends (see chart below, showing Citi’s economic surprise indicator and S&P 500 P/Es or price to earnings).

 

Still, Huynh said, “we are at this point in the camp of U.S. earnings growth bottoming out, as we think it is too early for an earnings recession cycle.”

She said there is also potential for upward momentum from catalysts like China, which has unfurled a raft of stimulus measures to ease its economic slowdown.

“A lot of bad news is already reflected in expectations, while China’s ongoing monetary and fiscal support and central banks’ ‘Great Retreat’ should put a floor under risky assets for now,” Huynh said, underscoring points she made in a Tuesday research note titled, “Why ‘Sell in May and go away’ won’t work this year.”

The strategist sees the S&P 500 SPX hitting around 3,000 in the near term, which would represent a roughly 2.5% gain from its level Tuesday.

LPL Research’s Ryan Detrick, said that while it is true that the historically weakest six-month stretch starts in May, investors have enjoyed solid gains in six of the past seven years.

In other words, is it worth selling in May when the tendency has been to extend gains, albeit at a slower clip? “Yes, ‘sell in May’ has a nice longer-term record,” Detrick wrote in a note on Monday, “but that doesn’t make it gospel.” (See chart below for historical performance of six-month periods for stocks by month):

 

For even bullish investors, however, it may be hard to imagine stocks ringing up further gains, even modest ones, after the current pace of returns and in the so-called late-stage economic cycle under way.

The Dow Jones Industrial Average DJIA is on pace for its best start to the a calendar year, representing the first four months thus far, since 1999, up 13.7%. The Nasdaq Composite Index COMP is on track for its best start since 1991, up nearly 22% over the same period, while the S&P 500 is on track for its best start to a year since 1987, a gain of 17.1%, according to Dow Jones Market Data.

Both the S&P 500 and the Nasdaq returned to record territory in April as stocks continued a sharp bounceback from a late-2018 selloff.

Mark Haefele, the global chief investment officer at UBS, said that those gains don’t portend a weakening trend.

“Record highs tend to be supportive of, rather than detrimental to, near-term returns. Using S&P 500 price data since 1950, after stocks set an all-time high, their subsequent six-month price return has been 4.7%,” Haefele said in a Monday note.

The data also show that large pullbacks have been less likely after markets have put in records: “The market has just 11% of the time declined by more than 5% over the six months following an all-time high, compared with 18% of the time otherwise.”

But there may be an even more compelling reason to avoid the seasonal shift out of equities at the start of May: trading costs.

Although it is increasingly cheaper to rotate out of assets employing low-fee exchange-traded funds, the taxes and trading fees associated with rotating out of equities and, say, buying bonds, is unlikely to provide a significant investment benefit, according to Simon Moore, chief investment officer at Moola, in a recent Forbes article. He said, “taxes may be a legitimate impediment. This is because gains on the strategy in a taxable account would likely be short-term…”

Article and media were originally published by Mark DeCambre at marketwatch.com


Dow, S&P 500 and Nasdaq Near Records but Stock-market Volumes are the Lowest in Months — Here’s Why

Nasdaq just about 50 points shy of record close, the S&P 500 is 15 points shy, and Dow stands less than 400 points away

 

Stocks are on the verge of record territory, potentially representing the end of a stretch of futility that saw a sharp retreat from the peaks hit in the late summer and fall of 2018.

However, the recent resurgence for stocks after a more than six-month, corrective hiatus has many market participants questioning its durability, as trading volumes remain near the lowest levels of 2019.

“It’s been a bit of a rocking-chair market, in that we’ve been doing a lot but haven’t been going anywhere,” Matthew Bartolini, head of SPDR Americas research at State Street Global Advisors, told MarketWatch in a Tuesday interview.

Indeed, Monday’s action marked the lowest full-day, total composite trading volume (representing trading on the New York Stock Exchange and its main affiliates and on the Nasdaq)—roughly 5.7 billion shares—since Sept. 10, according to Dow Jones Market Data. In fact, Monday’s session was even eclipsed by the holiday-shortened Christmas Eve session’s turnover of 5.79 billion shares.

To make a finer point, the rolling 10-day average of total composite volumes are their lowest since Sept. 12 and the volumes are on pace for the lowest monthly average since last August. The average volume for April, if it holds, would represent the worst April since 2013, according to Dow Jones Market Data.

It isn’t entirely clear what those lackluster volumes mean for stocks, with the Dow Jones Industrial Average DJIA, sitting 1.4% short of its Oct. 3 closing peak, the S&P 500 index SPX, 1% short of its all-time closing high, and the Nasdaq Composite Index COMP just 1.4% from its all-time high.

Some make the case that the dearth in trading activity reflects a lack of participation in the market by a broad swath of investors.

“For the New York Stock Exchange, there has been a bit of hesitation to have full participation in the rally…with a decent amount of people on the sidelines,” State Street’s Bartolini said. He said those people who “missed the bounce back [since the December low] are waiting to see what happens on earnings season.”

To be sure, lackluster volumes, which have been trending down for years now, may not tell the full story about the state of the market.

Industry participants also have highlighted that the breadth of the market — the number of companies climbing rather than falling to rent peaks or troughs — has been improving somewhat, as measured by one overlooked metric: the Value Line Geometric Index VALUG, The geometric measure, which tracks the median move of a range of stocks and is equal-weighted, was still about 7.6% from its all-time high hit on Aug. 29, but has been climbing, up about 23%, since its late-December low (see chart below).

 

Source: FactSet

The Value Line is used by many technical analysts as a measure of broad-market participation in rallies or selloffs because indexes like the S&P 500 and Nasdaq, which are market capitalization- weighted, can be skewed by bigger constituents like Facebook Inc., Apple Inc. AAPL, Amazon.com Inc. AMZN, Netflix Inc. NFLX, and Google parent Alphabet Inc. GOOGL, GOOG by virtue of their mega market values.

So, should investors be concerned about low volumes? The jury may still be out.

“There is this debate on volumes. Does it really matter?” Quincy Krosby, chief market strategist at Prudential Financial, told MarketWatch.

For her part, she is looking for volumes to confirm, or disprove, the bullishness reflected in markets of late. “Volume [measures] do help you to confirm the move in the market, particularly when we are looking for signs, in terms of the tug of war taking place [between bulls and bears], and helping investors gauge which side of the tug of war is winning,” she said.

Currently, Krosby espouses the view proffered by BlackRock Inc. BLK, Chief Executive Larry Fink on Tuesday, in that lots of money is still sitting on the sidelines.

That may be exemplified in part by low volumes, which may suggest that gains for markets may have more room to rally, even if indexes are brushing up against fresh records as investors search for a catalyst for further gains. (A reversal of the Federal Reserve’s aggressive path of rate increases and apparent progress in China-U.S. tariff negotiations have been part of the recent bullish narrative.)

Of course, Fink warns that a pile-on from previously sidelined investors may result in a meltup—often defined as a sharp and unexpected rise in the price of an asset class—and that may not end well.

Article and media were originally published by Mark DeCambre at marketwatch.com


It’s Hard to Believe, but the U.S. has Gone Through a Quarter-century of Low Inflation

The last time inflation ran consistently above 3% was 26 years ago

News flash: Inflation in the U.S. has been very low — unusually low — for a long, long time.

How long? Try a quarter of a century. That’s the last time inflation consistently ran above 3% a year.

Stubbornly low inflation is the chief reason the Federal Reserve has backed off plans to keep raising a key interest rate that influences the cost of borrowing for businesses and consumers. And it’s why Chairman Jerome Powell and other senior Fed officials are reexamining old assumptions about how inflation behaves after years of trying and failing to raise prices above what it considers a danger zone for the economy.

“We are almost 10 years deep into this expansion and inflation is still not clearly meeting our target,” Powell said last month. “That’s one of the reasons we are being patient.”

Future of inflation

The thorniest problem for the Fed is figuring out the future path of inflation.

Despite the lowest unemployment rate since the late 1960s and the fastest increase in wages in a decade, the rate of inflation actually fell slightly in the second half of 2018. Conventional wisdom says that’s not suppose to happen when the labor market is what economists describe as “tight.”

The closely watched core PCE price index stood at 1.8% in December, a few ticks below the bank’s official 2% target for a the broader number that also includes food and energy.

The low rate of inflation is by no means an exception, however. It’s now the norm. The core PCE hasn’t topped 2.6% since 1993 — some 26 years ago.

 

“Core inflation has been pretty close to 2% for three decades,” said Sal Guatieri, senior economist at BMO Capital Markets.

Too much success?

The prolonged absence of ruinous price pressures largely reflects one of the Fed’s great achievements: Vanquishing the high double-digit rates of inflation in the late 1970s that threatened to topple the U.S. economy. Even as recently as the early 1990s inflation topped 4%.

The sustained success of the Fed has convinced Wall Street DJIA traders, Main Street business owners, corporate chieftains and American workers that inflation won’t get out of hand again. Employees no longer seek exorbitant pay increases to protect themselves against inflation as they did in the 1970s. Suppliers and producers have had less reason to jack up prices.

The Fed might have succeeded too much.

During and after the Great Recession, the central bank took unprecedented actions to stimulate the economy and lift inflation from potentially dangerously low levels. Only sporadically, however, has inflation risen above the Fed’s 2% target that it considers optimal for the economy.

Hence the Fed’s decision to adopt what Powell calls a “patient” approach.

“Powell has said that our models are not working now,” noted Luke Tilley, chief economist of Wilmington Trust and a former Fed advisor. “He’s essentially said if your models are not working, take a wait-and-see approach.”

The bank wants to see more evidence — clear and overwhelming evidence — that inflation is really heating up before it raises interest rates again.

The Fed’s current benchmark rate sits at a range of 2.25% to 2.5%, up from near zero as recently as 2015. That’s still quite low by historical standards.

“Until the data forces their hand, they have taken a ‘let’s-see-the-whites-of-their-eyes approach,” said Neil Dutta, head of macroeconomics at Renaissance Macro Research. “They could wait a considerable time. It’s hard to see inflation surging ahead.”

Deflated world

If inflation remains subdued, it won’t just reflect the Fed’s past handiwork. Vast changes in the global economy have worked to tamp inflation in the U.S. and around the world.

The era of low inflation began, not surprisingly, just as a technological revolution in the early 1990s gave birth to the modern Internet and sped up the pace of automation. The Internet virtually eliminated vast price disparities in local markets and allowed for instantaneous price shopping while automation slashed the cost of making things.

The entry of China into the global trading system in the late 1990s added more downward pressure on inflation as multinational companies were able to tap into a vast supply of cheap labor and low production costs in Asia.

The devastation wrought by the Great Recession a decade ago has also left its mark. The anxiety and psychological scars from mass layoffs and a wave of business failures keeps workers for seeking higher wages and made consumers reluctant to pay full price for anything.

Companies, for their part, have sought to maintain profits more by cutting costs than trying to raise prices aggressively, lest they lose business to rivals in a highly competitive global economy.

“These forces can last a lot longer,” said Guatieri, who calls the process a tug-of-war. “They continue to keep a lid on inflation.”

What to do in uncertain times

The big question for Fed officials is determining just how long these forces can last.

Based on their forecasts for the economy, they think inflation is likely to remain low for years to come. If that’s the case, Powell’s strategy of patience is likely to guide the Fed going foward. Tilley said Powell has shown a degree of flexibility about inflation that many of his predecessors did not.

“The Fed feels like it doesn’t have anything to fear.”

- Stephen Stanley, chief economist at Amherst Pierpont Securities

Stephen Stanley, an economist who’s often been critical of what he views as the Fed’s lax stance, agreed.

“You can certainly see why the Fed has taken that approach. It’s been a long time since inflation has been above target,” said Stanley, the chief economist at Amherst Pierpont Securities. “The Fed feels like it doesn’t have anything to fear.”

What still worries economists such as Stanley, though, is that complacency will set in and leave the Fed too slow to react if inflationary pressures finally began to build toward troublesome levels.

What would it take to get to that point?

The economy would have to run hot — grow much faster than it’s capable — for an extended period. Workers would have to be more aggressive in seeking higher wages and businesses in trying to pass on higher prices. And the global economy would have to be start growing strongly again, exerting upward pressure on the cost of critical commodities such as oil, steel and lumber.

Eventually that day will come, economists say.

“Just because inflation has remained so low for so long doesn’t mean it will always remain that way,” Guatieri said.

Article and media were originally published by Jeffry Bartash at marketwatch.com


Why an EU Slowdown Poses a Bigger Risk to Stock Market than China Trade

U.S. corporate earnings in Europe hit a record $284 billion in 2018

As investors have kept a laser focus on U.S.-China trade negotiations
and hope that a resolution can give the global economy a much-needed
shot in the arm, at least one strategist says markets may be overlooking
a bigger risk: European economic contraction.

“For U.S. large cap companies, a recession in the EU is a bigger risk” than an unsuccessful resolution to the U.S.-China trade dispute, Joe Quinlan, head of CIO market strategy at Bank of America’s global wealth and investment management unit told MarketWatch. For companies in the S&P 500 index foreign sales have contributed between 43% and 47% of total revenue, according to S&P Dow Jones Indices.

“Europe remains, by far, the most important market for
U.S. multinational companies, with the region accounting for 55% of
global foreign affiliate income,” Quinlan wrote in a Tuesday research
report. He said U.S. corporate earnings in Europe hit a record $284
billion in 2018, up 7% from the year before. Meanwhile, U.S. affiliates
in China earned just $13.3 billion in China, a 1.1% decrease from the
year earlier.

‘What happens in Europe doesn’t stay in Europe.’ Joe Quinlan head of CIO market strategy at Bank of America

“In other words
America’s trans-Atlantic partnership with Europe has proven to pay
significant dividends,” Quinlan argued, with profits from the EU rising
rapidly despite a slowing European economy. “However, rising investment
uncertainty and structural issues throughout Europe could lead to a more
challenging operating environment for U.S. multinationals, which have
long counted on Europe to drive the bulk of their non-U.S. earnings
growth.”

While economic data out of China have been somewhat encouraging of late, European figures have been less so. The German manufacturing sector is contracting, according to Markit’s PMI survey, issued on Monday. Markit data also indicating a contracting French manufacturing sector and a shrinking British services sector, fueled by uncertainty surrounding Britain’s future relationship with the European Union.

Ed Yardeni, president of Yardeni
Research argued in Wednesday research note that these and other data
from Europe run counter to the “widespread view” that it is the economic
slowdown in China which is keeping the European economy down, through
the channel of depressed exports.

Germany’s exports actually rose 1.8% year-over-year to a record high in December, while new factory orders and industrial production during January fell 2.6% and 1.1%, respectively,” he pointed out. The real trouble with German production appears to be the result of tighter EU regulations on carbon emissions, Yardeni suggested.

According to Quinlan,
regulatory burdens are just one of many problems, unrelated to China,
that are weighing down the European economy, including rising oil
prices, a stronger euro, new U.S. tariffs on steel and aluminum and
increased uncertainty over Brexit.

To be sure, there are reasons
to hope that the European economy has bottomed out and will begin to
recover in the coming quarters. Matt Lloyd, chief investment strategist,
Advisors Asset Management told MarketWatch in an interview that the
rally in European and British equities since the start of the year
suggests that markets have priced in all possible Brexit outcomes, and
that major European companies are prepared for those scenarios as well.

Lloyd
said European Central Bank President Mario Draghi “has shown
willingness to do what it takes to support European banks and backstop
the economy.” And even if Europe’s troubles aren’t solely related to
China’s contraction, the European economy will nevertheless benefit from
“the immense amount of stimulus” the Chinese government plans to
continue pumping into the economy in coming months.

Whatever your opinion on the economic health of the EU, it’s important to recognize that its central role in the global economy. “As growth slows in the eurozone, and the UK and EU struggle to find a solution on Brexit, and as political populism gains traction on the continent, at risk are large-cap U.S. corporate earnings,” Quinlan wrote. “What happens in Europe doesn’t stay in Europe.”

Article and media were originally published by Chris Matthews at marketwatch.com


Lyft IPO: 5 Things to Know about the Ride-hailing Company ahead of its IPO

Lyft will only report the revenue it receives from each ride, excluding the driver’s cut and other fees

Lyft Inc. has beat rival Uber Technologies Inc. to an initial public offering, and that’s important for a number of reasons.

The first is that Lyft LYFT is getting to set the narrative heading into the IPO process, which is crucial given that the company is smaller, more narrowly focused, and less well-known than Uber. Lyft removes an element of pricing uncertainty around the listing by going first, experts say. The company could kick off a roster of decacorns, or companies privately valued at upward of $10 billion, that are expected to go public in the year ahead.

The company’s prospectus shows that Lyft plans to report revenue on a net basis, excluding the money paid to drivers. Uber — which previously detailed a similar approach to MarketWatch — will be hard-pressed to break the mold and report gross revenue, given that the businesses are the same and share PricewaterhouseCoopers as an external auditor, something unusual for fierce competitors.

Lyft shares have been approved to list on the Nasdaq under the ticker “LYFT,” and are expected to do so Friday morning. Thursday afternoon, Lyft priced at $72 a share, at the top of its range, which it had raised Wednesday evening to a range of $70 to $72 a share after previously projecting a price between $62 and $68 a share. Lyft plans to sell 30.77 million class A shares, which would raise more than $2.2 billion at the top of the revised range with an initial valuation around $24 billion. That total could increase if underwriters exercise all the options to buy an additional 4.62 million shares.

Here’s what you need to know about the company ahead of its IPO.

The revenue is nothing but net

The company recognizes revenue on a net basis, meaning that the company’s top-line number is significantly less than the sum total of what all riders paid over the course of a given period. Lyft is able to report revenue on a net basis, rather than a gross basis, because it considers itself an “agent” in the process of connecting drivers and riders. The company argues that it merely helps third parties provide transportation services to riders and that both riders and drivers have the ability to reject a transaction price.

Uber is expected to make a similar choice as far as how it reports revenue, which has drawn criticism from accounting experts who argue that ride-hailing companies would be doing a disservice to investors by not reporting a fuller metric and giving investors a sense of what they pay their drivers. Both companies could also choose to report that metric under another name, as Lyft did with its bookings offering.

Slowing revenue growth, widening losses

Lyft doubled its net revenue in 2018, but that was a decelerating growth rate from a year earlier. The ride-hailing company posted revenue of $2.2 billion last year, up from $1.1 billion in 2017 and $343 million in 2016. The company’s losses are getting steeper as revenue grows: Lyft generated a net loss of $911 million in 2018, compared with losses of $687 million and $683 million in 2017 and 2016, respectively.

The company’s bookings, which represent the total dollar value of transportation spending through Lyft services, climbed to $8.1 billion from $4.6 billion in 2017 and $1.9 billion in 2016. Lyft’s net revenue represented 27% of the company’s bookings in the latest period. The company gives the example of a $24 ride-hailing charge, which includes a $4 tip and a $3 airport fee: Bookings would be $17 in this example, Lyft said. Revenue would presumably be $4 or $5 in that example based on the disclosure about what percentage of bookings go to revenue, though Lyft did not provide that figure in the example.

Lyft is mainly focused on the U.S. market, though it launched a Canadian business in 2017. The company provides scooter-sharing and bike-sharing services as well.

On a promo spree

In what seems like a fairly obvious bid to gain market share ahead of its expected listing, Lyft has been heaping discounts on riders in recent weeks. One offers 50% off 10 rides until mid-March, though it caps the savings at $6 per ride. Ride-hailing companies are already known for offering cheaper rides than can be found through traditional taxi services, and Lyft’s aggressive discounting ahead of the IPO plunges the company deeper into a price war with rival Uber.

“We believe that much of the growth in our rider base and the number of drivers on our platform is attributable to our paid marketing initiatives,” Lyft said in the risk-factors section of its prospectus. Growing brand awareness with both riders and drivers “can be costly,” the company contended. Lyft said its U.S. ride-hailing market share climbed to 39% in December, up from 22% a year earlier, based on third-party estimates from Rakuten Intelligence.

The company discussed other pricing risks as well in its filing. One involves the company’s shared-ride product, which offers users a lower fare if they agree to share a car with someone else going along a similar route. If Lyft fails to adequately match riders or determine an appropriate fare for drivers in the case of shared rides, the company warns that its financials could be impacted.

Another dual-class listing

Lyft, like many other hot tech companies to test the public waters, plans to concentrate voting power with founders Logan Green and John Zimmer, though the company hasn’t yet said what concentration each co-founder will have. Green, currently the chief executive, and Zimmer, Lyft’s president, each own 1,180,329 shares of Lyft’s class A shares, about 0.05% of the 240,597,591 shares currently outstanding, but are expected to have voting control.

Lyft will have 271.37 million class A shares outstanding and 12.78 million Class B shares outstanding. Class A shares will have one vote and Class B shares, which are convertible to class A shares at any time, will have 20 votes.

After the IPO, Green will have 29.3% of the voting power and Zimmer will have 19.5% of the voting power.

Dual-class structures haven’t deterred investors on the whole, though they’ve drawn sharp criticism as they make it nearly impossible for shareholders to question management’s judgment.

“Given the growing focus on corporate governance issues in general, and the negative commentary on the absolute voting majority that the startup founders prefer to hold, we believe tone-deaf is the right characterization for any company still planning to go ahead with the structure, Lyft included,” wrote Santosh Rao, head of research at Manhattan Venture Partners.

Other Lyft stakeholders include early investors including venture-capital firm Andreessen Horowitz, and investment entities associated with Rakuten Inc. RKUNY,  General Motors Co. GM, Fidelity and Alphabet Inc. GOOGL,  GOOG all of which own at least 5% of the pre-IPO shares.

On a mission

It’s a virtual requirement for tech companies considering IPOs to have corny mission statements. Lyft’s is to “improve people’s lives with the world’s best transportation.” The company stresses its culture often in the prospectus, highlighting its values of “Be Yourself,” “Uplift Others,” and “Make it Happen.” Corporate-speak to be sure, but there is probably something to Lyft’s culture: Amid sexual-harassment and other scandals at Uber, some riders flocked to Lyft and didn’t turn back.

Article was originally published by Emily Bary at marketwatch.com


Why Investors Need to Shift from Wall Street to This Growth Haven

A pretty upbeat week for stocks could end on a sour note thanks to our pals in Europe.

Just a day after a rally for Wall Street, Germany dimmed the lights on global growth with the worst manufacturing purchasing managers index numbers in nearly 7 years on Friday. The reaction was instant, with risky assets everywhere taking a hit and the yield on the 10-year German bond careened to zero.

“It’s unusual to see such a widespread response to a piece of data like this but we have to remember that this is not a domestic problem. Germany may be impacted in an disproportionate way because of the size of its manufacturing sector but the causes of the contraction are global,” Craig Erlam, senior market analyst with Oanda, told MarketWatch.

Here’s what Fed Chairman Jerome Powell had to say about the region at this week’s meeting: “In Europe...we see some weakening, but, again...we don’t see recession, and we do see positive growth still.”

How nervous should investors be? As BlackRock’s chief equity strategist Kate Moore told this column earlier in the week, it’s an area that U.S. investors want to watch closely, because a slowdown there will hit American companies with global operations.

So with the jury out on U.S. growth and Europe clearly in trouble, who should investors turn to? Our call of the day from Saxo Bank’s Steen Jakobsen advises investors to diversify beyond U.S. shores this year to that trade friend/foe China, which has been pushing hard to keep its own global engine from stalling.

Jakobsen told clients in a note that while a new highs for Wall Street may still be on the cards, investors should “slowly change overweight to China vs. U.S.” That’s largely because 2019 for China is shaping up to look like what much of 2018 was for America, when Wall Street were stocks powered by $1 trillion worth of tax-reform fueled buybacks, he says.

“China and its growth model now needs to share its burden of becoming an industrialized country, and it knows that only treating investors well will keep the capital flowing in 2019,” he said.

And as the Chinese government tells its 90 million domestic retail investors to boost allocation to stocks, those elsewhere such as in the U.S. will also need to boost that as capital markets are reweighted later this year.

Last word goes to Pimco, which also made some upbeat noises on China in a blog on its website Friday. With that country upping the ante on stimulus this year and a trade deal with the U.S. in the making, “there’s a good chance global growth will stabilize or even pick up moderately this year,” said the home to the world’s biggest bond fund.

“The slowdown of global growth over the past year despite massive fiscal stimulus in the U.S. and still-supportive monetary policies in the advanced economies illustrates that, more than ever, China is a key driver of the global cycle,” said Pimco.

The market

The Nasdaq COMP, Dow DJIA and S&P 500 SPX are off to a weaker start, catching a cold from Europe.

The euro EURUSD is down pretty sharply, driving up the dollar DXY while the pound GBPUSD inched higher after news the EU gave U.K. PM Theresa May a two-week extension on Brexit.

Gold US:GCU8 has been getting some bids, while crude US:CLU8 is down sharply.

Europe stocks SXXP are obviously down, while Asian equities had a mixed session, with no big moves.

The chart

Our chart of the day offers a look at the ripple effect of the weak Europe data this morning. Here’s the yield on German government’s 10-year bond TMBMKDE-10Y or the bund, dropping below 0% for the first time in two years. Yields fall as prices rise. Elsewhere, the 10-year Treasury note yield TMUBMUSD10Y has hit a fresh 15-month low at 2.490% this morning.

The buzz

Nike NKE is down after warning of slower growth ahead, while Tiffany TIF  is getting hit by disappointing results. Hibbett Sports HIBB is soaring as earnings blew out forecasts.

Calling all workers. Tesla TSLA CEO Elon Musk is trying to rally his troops to help deliver 30,000 new cars by end March. The electric-car maker has also rebooted its customer-referral program.

At a seemingly prime time for IPOs, with Levi LEVI off to a gangbuster start Thursday, Pinterest has sped up the timing of its own offering, say sources.

China’s Tencent 0700,  sees worst-ever 32% drop in quarterly profits, plans international rollout of videogames.

Garuda Indonesia becomes the first airline to publicly confirm plans to cancel an order for 49 BA,  37 MAX jets, involved in two deadline crashes in recent months.

Facebook FB, CEO Mark Zuckerberg looks increasingly lonely at the top.

The economy

To close out the week, we’ll get the flash Markit PMI for March, exiting home sales for February and the Federal budget deficit later.

Article and media were originally published by Barbara Kollmeyer and Aaron Hankin at marketwatch.com

 


These Red Flags Will Tell You When it’s Time to Sell the Stock Rally: Bank of America Merrill Lynch

It has been a slow grind higher for stocks this week, but who’s complaining?

The Nasdaq is set for a 3% gain on the week, besting the Dow and S&P 500, which aren’t looking too shabby themselves, with respective rises of 1% and 2%-plus so far. Remember that the Dow has been weighed down by almost daily bad news for aircraft manufacturer and defense contractor Boeing.

Overall, though, it’s not too bad a picture for investors, even if they remain wary of what will happen next with the global economy, the trade and tariffs story, and the coming earnings season. And that buzzing in their ears that the post-Christmas bounce for stocks has gone a little too far, too fast.

So when do you hit the sell button on this rally, if ever? It’s a tough one, as lots of strategists have different opinions.

Enter our call of the day from Bank of America Merrill Lynch, whose weekly “Flow Show” note to clients has some fairly straightforward answers on when it will be clear that investors have gotten too bullish on stocks — and that it’s time to bail out.

“When the BofAML Bull & Bear Indicator moves above 8; the following three drivers would push the indicator toward ‘excess bullishness’ in the next 4-6 weeks,” say the strategists.

The indicator they refer to is the green-and-red sentiment scale below, with the big arrow in the middle that swings from 1 to 10 — extreme bear to extreme bull. It slipped back to “neutral territory” between 4.6 and 4.9 last week.

And here are the drivers the strategists there are looking out for:

• Equity inflows of more than $50 billion in the next four weeks. (The most recent week’s data showed equity inflows of $14.2 billion, the biggest in a year. That breaks down to $27.4 billion for exchange-traded funds with $13.1 billion moving out of mutual funds.)

• Investor cash levels dropping to below 4.5% and equity allocation jumping from over 6% to 30%. They pull that data from the bank’s fund-manager survey, due out next Tuesday. February’s survey showed cash levels among managers dropping to 4.8% from 4.9%.

• Hedge-fund positioning via CTFC data show managers going long on riskier assets from a current position of neutral.

As well, the bank says it’s also watching out for these signals: when a combination of higher U.S. jobless claims and credit spreads “indicate recession and debt deflation,” or when higher Treasury yields and a lower dollar point to inflation and a policy mistake by the Fed.

So far this morning, the sell button is definitely not being activated. Hints of economic stimulus out of China might be helping out. And don’t forget it’s a quadruple-witching Friday — with simultaneous index-options expirations — which some say could trigger a late-month swoon for stocks.

The market

The Dow DJIA,  S&P 500 SPX, and Nasdaq COMP are all a bit higher in early action.

The dollar DXY is lower, while gold GCJ9 is higher and crude CLJ9 is flat.

Europe stocks SXXP are up, while Asia stocks also saw a largely stronger day, with a 1% gain for the Shanghai Composite SHCOMP after Premier Li Keqiang said the government will do more to help stimulate China growth this year. The Nikkei NIK rose 0.7% after the Bank of Japan left monetary policy on hold.

The chart

Our chart of the day warns that a key segment of loan activity is in a “danger zone.” The chart of commercial and industrial (C&I) loan activity comes from Jesse Colombo, analyst at Clarity Financial, providing this chart for Real Investment Advice.

As Colombo explains, C&I loans finance capital expenditures or help boost working capital for borrowers, and help signal when an economic expansion is under way. It turns positive two years after a recession, but also provides a warning when an economic cycle is approaching its end.

How to determine those loans are at the end? Colombo says, when they are at 10% of GDP or higher, “that is typically a sign that the cycle is long in the tooth and about to tip over into a recession,” he said, adding that they are currently in that zone.

Colombo, by the way, is one of a handful of market watchers given credit for calling the 2008 housing bubble and subsequent market collapse.

The quote

 

Reuters
Al Noor Mosque in Christchurch, New Zealand, in 2014.

“What has happened in Christchurch is an extraordinary act of unprecedented violence. It has no place in New Zealand. Many of those affected will be members of our migrant communities — New Zealand is their home — they are us.” — That was New Zealand’s prime minister, Jacinda Ardern, in a tweet after a terrorist attack at two mosques left at least 49 people dead.

A suspected gunman appears to have livestreamed the attack, with YouTube and Facebook being criticized for not taking the videos down fast enough. Some accounts say one shooter told followers to subscribe to Pewdiepie, a YouTube star who later tweeted of revulsion at being mentioned by the attacker, who also praised Trump in his manifesto.

The buzz

Tesla TSLA CEO Elon Musk unveiled the Model Y crossover SUV late Thursday, predicting that car, with a starting price of $47,000, will sell better than the Model S, Model X and Model 3 combined. Investors seem less than enthusiastic with shares dropping.

Facebook FB is under pressure after the sudden exits of Chief Product Officer Chris Cox and Chris Daniels, head of WhatsApp.

The captain of the doomed Ethiopian airliner requested a return to the airport just minutes after takeoff as the Boeing BA jet oscillated up and down by hundreds of feet before crashing on Sunday, a source who reviewed air-traffic communications told the New York Times.

The SEC has accused Volkswagen VOW3 of “massive fraud” and misleading U.S. investors, with ex-CEO Martin Winterkorn and two of the automobile maker’s units also charged.

Nike NKE could be in focus after Duke player Zion Williamson was back on the court in some custom-made shoes by the company. That’s after a memorable game last month that ended for him when one of his Nike sneakers virtually disintegrated as he fell to the floor with a knee injury.

Apple AAPL owes Qualcomm QCOM nearly $1 billion in patent rebate payments, says a federal judge.

Amazon AMZN is up after an upgrade to overweight, with a $2,100 price target at KeyBanc Capital markets.

Oracle ORCL is down after narrowly beating forecasts, thanks to a bunch of buybacks. Broadcom AVGO is up after earnings came in higher than expected.

The economy

Fresh data showed the Fed’s Empire State manufacturing survey was sluggish in March. Industrial production came in short of expectations, while surveys on job-openings and labor-turnover and University of Michigan consumer-sentiment are still to come.

Article and media were originally published by Barbara Kollmeyer at marketwatch.com